Synaptic Plasticity: Short Term

Abstract

The strength of synaptic transmission can increase or decrease during repetitive presynaptic activity. These changes, usually due to variations in the amount of transmitter released by each action potential, dynamically shape the information transfer characteristics of synapses.

Keywords: facilitation; posttetanic potentiation; depression; calcium; transmitter release

Figure 1.

The different kinetic components of short‐term synaptic plasticity.

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References

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Further Reading

Fisher SA, Fischer TM and Carew TJ (1997) Multiple overlapping processes underlying short‐term synaptic enhancement. Trends in Neurosciences 20: 170–177.

Zador AM and Dobrunz LE (1997) Dynamic synapses in the cortex. Neuron 19: 1–4.

Zucker RS (1989) Short‐term synaptic plasticity. Annual Review of Neuroscience 12: 13–31.

Zucker RS (1994) Calcium and short‐term synaptic plasticity. Netherlands Journal of Zoology 44: 495–512.

Zucker RS (1996) Exocytosis: a molecular and physiological perspective. Neuron 17: 1049–1055.

Zucker RS, Kullmann DM and Schwarz TL (2003) Release of Neurotransmitters. In: Byrne JH and Roberts J (eds) Fundamental from Molecules to Networks. An Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience, pp. 197–244. San Diego: Academic Press

Zucker RS and Regehr WG (2002) Short‐term synaptic plasticity. Annual Review of Physiology 64: 355–406.

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How to Cite close
Zucker, Robert S(Sep 2005) Synaptic Plasticity: Short Term. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0004054]