Bacterial Intracellular Membranes

Abstract

This article describes the occurrence, structure, arrangement and function of bacterial intracytoplasmic membranes (ICMS) including magnetosomes of magnetotactic bacteria, the thylakoids of cyanobacteria and chloroxybacteria, the ICMS of purple bacteria and chemoautotrophic bacteria and the chlorosomes of green bacteria.

Keywords: thylakoids; phycobilisomes; intracytoplasmic membrane (ICM); chlorosome

Figure 1.

Examples of thylakoid and intracytoplasmic membrane (ICM) arrangement in phototrophic prokaryotes. (a) Radially arranged thylakoids in the filamentous cyanobacterium Microcoleus chthonoplastes, bar 250 nm; (b) thylakoids in the coccoid cyanobacterium Entophysalis major showing a triangular arrangement in cross‐section, bar is 500 nm; (c) peripherally arranged thylakoids in the filamentous cyanobacterium Phormidium sp., bar is 100 nm; (d) tubular bundles of ICMs in a Thiocapsa sp., bar is 250 nm; (e) vesicular ICMs in a Rhodobacter sp., bar is 250 nm; (f ) lamellar arrangement of membranes with chlorosomes in an Oscillochloris sp., bar is 100 nm.

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References

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Further Reading

Blankenship RE, Madigan MT and Bauer CE (eds) (1995) Anoxygenic Photosynthetic Bacteria. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Brenner DJ, Krieg NR and Staley JT (eds) (2004) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd edn. New York: Springer.

Madigan MT and Martinko JM (2006) Brock Biology of Microorganisms, 11th edn. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice‐Hall.

Stolz JF (ed) (1991) Structure of Phototrophic Prokaryotes. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

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How to Cite close
Stolz, John F(Jul 2007) Bacterial Intracellular Membranes. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0000303.pub2]