Extremophiles and Biotechnology

Abstract

Microbial diversity in extreme habitats, e.g. the deep subsurface, polar regions, salt lakes, hot springs, solfataric field and alklaine lakes, is very broad and delivers a valuable resource of unique enzymes (extremozymes) and chemical compounds. The study of these extremophiles will provide new keys to the understanding of life processes under stress conditions and will unravel the mechanisms developed by biological systems to cope to harsh conditions. This gained knowledge will be used to develop new biobased products and bioprocesses in various fields such as fine chemicals, feed, food, cosmetics, textile, paper and pharmaceutical industries.

Keywords: extremophiles; extremozymes; industrial biotechnology; biorefinary; Archaea

Further Reading

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Woese CR, Kandler O and Wheelis ML (1992) Towards a natural system of organisms; proposal for the domains Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 87: 4576–4579.

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How to Cite close
Antranikian, G(Mar 2009) Extremophiles and Biotechnology. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0000391.pub2]