Microorganisms in High‐temperature Sulfur Environments


Sulfur‐rich high‐temperature environments such as solfataric fields, hot springs and ‘black smokers’ provide habitats for microbial life at the upper temperature border. Such regions have yielded hyperthermophilic bacteria and archaea that grow optimally at temperatures above 80°C, some even above 100°C.

Figure 1.

16S rRNA‐based phylogenetic tree (schematic drawing; lineages of hyperthermophiles in bold lines).

Figure 2.

Reactions of a hot sulfur cycle catalysed by sulfur‐metabolizing hyperthermophiles.



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Further Reading

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Woese CR (1987) Bacterial evolution. Microbiological Reviews 51: 221–271.

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Bonch‐Osmolovskaya, Elizaveta(Sep 2007) Microorganisms in High‐temperature Sulfur Environments. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0000405.pub2]