Invertebrates and Fungi in Plant Virus Diseases


Plant viruses rely on effective modes of spread from one plant to another in order to survive. The commonest means of dissemination in the field is by plant‐feeding invertebrates such as nematodes, mites and insects, but plant pathogenic soil‐borne fungi with mobile stages can also serve as vectors.

Keywords: insects; nematodes; fungi; mites; transmission; plant viruses

Figure 1.

Quota of virus diseases transmitted by each vector group (%).

Figure 2.

Possible interactions between helper proteins, viruses and vectors.


Further Reading

Adams MJ, Antoniw JF, Barker H et al. (1998) Descriptions of Plant Viruses on CD‐Rom. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biologists.

Brunt A, Crabtree K and Gibbs A (1990) Viruses of Tropical Plants. Wallingford: CAB International and ACIAR.

Brunt A, Crabtree K, Dallwitz MJ, Gibbs A and Watson L (1996) Viruses of Plants. Wallingford: CAB International.

Cooper JI and Asher MJC (eds) (1988) Viruses with Fungal Vectors. Developments in applied Biology, vol. 2. Wellesbourne: AAB.

Fritzsche R, Karl E, Lehmann W and Proeseler G (1972) Tierische Vektoren pflanzen‐pathogener Viren. Jena: VEB G Fischer.

Matthews REF (1991) Plant Virology, 3rd edn. London: Academic Press.

Murphy FA, Fauquet CM, Bishop DHL et al. (eds) (1995) Virus Taxonomy. Vienna: Springer.

Parker BL, Skinner M and Lewis T (eds) (1995) Thrips Biology and Management. NATO ASI Series, Series A: Life Sciences, vol. 276; New York: Plenum Press.

Pirone TP and Blanc S (1996) Helper‐dependent vector transmission of plant viruses. Annual Review of Phytopatholgy 34: 227–247.

Taylor CE and Brown DJF (1997) Nematode vectors of plant viruses. Wallingford: CAB International.

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Eppler, Arne, Heinze, Cornelia, and Adam, Günter(Apr 2001) Invertebrates and Fungi in Plant Virus Diseases. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0000768]