Secondary Metabolites: Attracting Pollinators

Abstract

When insects, bats, birds and other animals visit flowers to feed on the nectar and pollen, they usually pollinate the flowers in the process, so that both partners benefit from this mutualistic association. Secondary metabolites are involved primarily to provide either visual or olfactory attraction in terms of flower colour and flower scent. They may also be present in the nectar and pollen to interact with certain visitors.

Keywords: plant pollination; flower scent; flower pigments

References

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Further Reading

Bergstrom G (1978) Role of volatile chemicals in Ophrys–pollinator interactions. In: Harborne JB (ed.) Biochemical Aspects of Plant and Animal Coevolution, pp. 207–232. London: Academic Press.

Harborne JB (1993) Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry, 4th edn. London: Academic Press.

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Real L (ed.) (1983) Pollination Biology. Orlando, FL: Academic Press.

Stanley G and Linskens HF (1979) Pollen: Biology, Biochemistry and Management. Berlin: Springer‐Verlag.

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How to Cite close
Harborne, Jeffrey B(Apr 2001) Secondary Metabolites: Attracting Pollinators. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0000909]