Venoms

Abstract

Animal venoms contain highly toxic components that cause inflammation and tissue destruction at the point of contact or in the region of a sting or bite. General symptoms are mediated by toxins including activators or inactivators of blood clots and complement systems, cytotoxins directed to a variety of target cells and neurotoxins.

Keywords: envenoming; antivenom; serotherapy; scorpion stings; spider bite; snake bite

References

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Further Reading

Bon C and Goyffon (eds) (1995) Envenomings and their Treatments. Lyon: Mérieux.

Denis EA (1994) Diversity of group types, regulation, and function of phospholipase A2. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269: 13057–13060.

Harvey AL (ed.) (1991) Snake Venoms. International Encyclopedia of Pharmacology. New York: Pergamon Press.

Jouglard J, de Haro L, David JM and Arditti J (1996) Experience of envenoming at the Marseilles Poison Centre. In: Bon C and Goyffon M (eds) Envenomings and their Treatments. Paris: Mérieux.

Ownby CL, Selistre de Araujo HS, White SP and Fletcher JE (1999) Lysine 49 phospholipase A2 proteins. Toxicon 37: 411–445.

Polis GA (ed.) (1990) The Biology of Scorpions. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

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How to Cite close
Silva, W Dias da, and Kipnis, Thereza L(Apr 2001) Venoms. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0000939]