Animal venoms contain highly toxic components that cause inflammation and tissue destruction at the point of contact or in the region of a sting or bite. General symptoms are mediated by toxins including activators or inactivators of blood clots and complement systems, cytotoxins directed to a variety of target cells and neurotoxins.

Keywords: envenoming; antivenom; serotherapy; scorpion stings; spider bite; snake bite


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Silva, W Dias da, and Kipnis, Thereza L(Apr 2001) Venoms. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0000939]