Infection: Immunological Barriers


Microorganisms can infect a host through various portals of entry. The host attempts to counter microbial infection and dissemination using many physical, chemical and immunological weapons.

Keywords: infection; innate immunity; adaptive immunity; T cells; antibodies

Further Reading

Janeway CA, Travers P, Walport M and Shlomchik MJ (2004) Immunobiology: the Immune System in Health and Disease, 6th edn. London and New York: Garland Publishing.

Male D, Brostoff J, Roth DB and Roitt I (2006) Immunology, 7th edn. London: Mosby.

Mims C, Dockrell HM, Goering RV et al. (2004) Medical Microbiology, 3rd edn. London: Mosby.

Whitton JL and Oldstone MBA (2001) The immune response to viruses. In: Fields BN, Knipe DM and Howley PM (eds), Fields’ Virology, 4th ed., pp. 285–320. New York: Raven Press

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How to Cite close
Whitton, J Lindsay(Apr 2007) Infection: Immunological Barriers. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0000940.pub2]