Fluorescence in situ Hybridization

Abstract

Fluorescence in situ hybridization is the detection of highly specific DNA/RNA probes which have been hybridized to their complementary sequences on morphologically preserved chromosomes or tissue sections.

Keywords: probes; clinical cytogenetics; cancer cytogenetics; other applications

Figure 1.

Whole chromosome paint for X chromosome showing a triple X on a fetal blood metaphase. X probe labelled with biotin‐flourescein isothiocyanate; counterstain used is propidium iodide.

Figure 2.

Uncultured amniocytes labelled with commercial probes from Vysis (USA). (a) Chromosome X is labelled with spectrum green, 18 with spectrum orange and Y with spectrum aqua. (b) Chromosome 13 labelled with spectrum green and 21 with spectrum orange.

Figure 3.

The bcr/abl probe used on (a) metaphase and (b) interphase cells of a chronic myeloid leukaemia patient. Chromosome 9 is identified by spectrum orange and 22 by spectrum green. The translocation t(9;22) is seen by the yellow signal. Photograph kindly supplied by Dr F. Ross, Wessex Regional Genetics Laboratories, Salisbury, UK.

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References

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Further Reading

Adinolfi M and Colla J (1994) Non‐isotopic in‐situ hybridization: clinical cytogenetics and gene mapping. In: Harris H and Hirschorn K (eds) Advances in Human Genetics, vol. 22. New York: Plenum Press.

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Trask BJ (1991) Fluorescence in situ hybridisation: applications in cytogenetics and gene mapping. Trends in Genetics 7: 149–154.

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How to Cite close
Gole, Leena(Apr 2001) Fluorescence in situ Hybridization. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001468]