Caudata (Salamanders)


The order Caudata is the amphibian group comprising the living salamanders (including newts, mud‐puppies, axolotls, sirens, congo eels and the olm) and their extinct relatives back to their divergence from the Salientia (frogs). The term Urodela is similar in use but applies only to the crown group, i.e. living salamanders and the fossil forms falling within the group from the point where the living forms started to diversify.

Keywords: salamander; neoteny; amphibian

Further Reading

Deban SM, Wake DB and Roth G (1997) Salamander with a ballistic tongue. Nature 389: 27–28.

Duellman WE and Trueb L (1986) Biology of Amphibians. New York: McGraw‐Hill.

Estes R (1981) Gymnophiona, Caudata. Handbuch der Palaeoherpetologie, vol. 2. Stuttgart: Fischer Verlag.

Evans SE and Milner AR (1996) A metamorphosed salamander from the Lower Cretaceous of Spain. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B 351: 627–646.

Feder ME and Burggren WW (eds) (1992) Environmental Physiology of the Amphibians. Chicago: Chicago Press.

Griffiths RA (1996) Newts and Salamanders of Europe. London: T & A Poyser.

Hay JM, Ruvinsky I, Hedges SB and Maxson LR (1995) Phylogenetic relationships of amphibian families inferred from DNA sequences of mitochondrial 12S and 16S ribosomal RNA genes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 12: 928–937.

Wake DB and Lynch JF (1976) The distribution, ecology and evolutionary history of plethodontid salamanders in tropical America. Natural History Museum, Los Angeles County, Science Bulletin 25: 1–65.

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How to Cite close
Milner, Andrew R(Apr 2001) Caudata (Salamanders). In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001538]