Insectivora (Insectivores)


The Insectivora is the order of mammals containing the shrews, moles, hedgehogs, golden moles, solenodons and tenrecs.

Keywords: chrysochlorids; hedgehogs; moles; shrews; solenodons; tenrecs

Figure 1.

Insectivorans. (a) Chrysochloridae (golden mole); (b) Erinaceidae (left: spiny hedgehog; right: gymnure); (c) Solenodontidae (solenodon); (d) Soricidae (shrew); (e) Talpidae (left: shrew mole; centre: desman; right: fossorial mole); (f) Tenrecidae (left: shrew tenrec; centre: spiny tenrec; right: otter shrew).

Figure 2.

Insectivoran skulls. (a) Chrysochloridae (Amblysomus); (b) Erinaceidae (Hylomys); (c) Solenodontidae (Solenodon); (d) Soricidae (Blarina); (e) Talpidae (Scalopus); (f) Tenrecidae (Microgale).


Further Reading

Butler PM (1988) Phylogeny of the insectivores. In: Benton MJ (ed.) The Phylogeny and Classification of the Tetrapods, vol. 2, pp. 117–141. Systematics Association Special Volume No. 35B. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Churchfield S (1990) The Natural History of Shrews. Ithaca: Comstock Publishing.

Eisenberg JF and Gould E (1970) The Tenrecs: A Study in Mammalian Behavior and Evolution. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Gorman ML and Stone RD (1990) The Natural History of Moles. Ithaca: Comstock Publishing.

International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Red List of Threatened Animals. []

Kingdon J (1974) East African Mammals, An Atlas of Evolution in Africa, vol II: Part A (Insectivores and Bats). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

MacPhee RDE and Novacek MJ (1993) Definition and relationships of Lipotyphla. In: Szalay FS, Novacek MJ and McKenna MC (eds) Mammal Phylogeny, vol. 2 pp. 13–31. New York: Springer‐Verlag.

MacDonald DW (ed.) (1985) The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File.

Nowak RM (1991) Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th edn, vol. 1. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Reeve N (1994) Hedgehogs. London: T & AD Poyser.

Smithsonian Institution (1993) Mammal Species of the World. []

Vaughan TA (1986) Mammalogy, 3rd edn. New York: Saunders College Publishing.

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How to Cite close
Whidden, Howard P(Apr 2001) Insectivora (Insectivores). In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001557]