Hyracoidea (Hyraxes)


Hyracoidea (hyraxes) appear to have originated in Africa from ungulate mammals. Despite their rabbit size, lack of visible tail, and absence of trunk, hyraxes are the closest land relatives of elephants.

Keywords: hyrax; arboreal; dorsal gland; ungulate; uranotheria

Figure 1.

Abyssinian rock hyrax (Procavia capensis)


Further Reading

Barry RE and Shoshani J (2000) Heterohyrax brucei. Mammalian Species 645: 1–7.

de Jong WW, Zweers A and Goodman M (1981) Relationship of aardvark to elephants, hyraxes and sea cows from alpha‐crystallin sequences. Nature 292: 538–540.

Eley RM (1994) The hyrax: a most mysterious mammal. Biologist 41: 141–144.

Fischer MS (1989) Hyracoids, the sister‐group of perissodactyls. In: Prothero DR and Schoch RM (eds) The evolution of perissodactyls, pp. 37–56. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hoeck HN (1984) Hyraxes. In: Macdonald D (ed.) The encyclopedia of mammals (2 vols), pp. 462–465. New York: Facts on File.

Jones C (1978) Dendrohyrax dorsalis. Mammalian Species 113: 1–4.

Maloiy GMO and Eley RM (1994) The Hyrax. Nairobi, Kenya: Regal Press.

McKenna MC, Bell SK, Simpson GG et al. (1997) A classification of mammals above the species level. New York: Columbia University Press.

Olds N and Shoshani J (1982) Procavia capensis. Mammalian Species 171: 1–7.

Shoshani J (1992) Ecology and taxonomy: a new approach, using Heterohyrax vs. Procavia as a case study. Israel Journal of Zoology 38(3/4): 399–416.

Shoshani J (1998) Hyraxes. In: Gould E and McKay G (eds) Encyclopedia of Mammals (Kirshner D, illustrator), pp. 188–189. San Diego: Academic Press.

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How to Cite close
Shoshani, Jeheskel(Sep 2002) Hyracoidea (Hyraxes). In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001577]