Sea Level Change


The level of the oceans has risen and fallen many times in the geological past.

Keywords: transgression; regression; eustasy; sequence stratigraphy; greenhouse climate

Figure 1.

Eustatic curve for the past 600 million years (modified from Hallam, 1992).


Further Reading

Burton R, Kendall CGSC and Lerche I (1987) Out of our depth: on the impossibility of fathoming eustasy from the stratigraphic record. Earth‐Science Reviews 24: 237–277.

Dott RH Jr (ed.) (1992) Eustasy. Geological Society of America Memoir 180.

Hallam A (1992) Phanerozoic Sea‐Level Changes. New York: Columbia University Press.

Kendall CGSC, Moore P, Whittle G and Cannon R (1992) A challenge: is it possible to determine eustasy, and does it matter? Geological Society of America Memoir 180: 93–107.

Revelle R (ed.) (1990) Sea Level Change. Washington DC: National Academy Press.

Watts AB (1982) Tectonic subsidence, flexure, and global changes in sea level. Nature 297: 469–474.

Wilgus CK, Hasting BS, Kendall CGSC et al. (eds) (1998) Sea Level Change: An Integrated Approach. SEPM Special Publication 42.

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How to Cite close
Prothero, Donald R(Apr 2001) Sea Level Change. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001633]