Plant Cell Differentiation


During plant cell development cells become specialized for a particular function. This process is called plant cell differentiation.

Keywords: cytoskeleton; cell wall; trichomes; root hairs; xylem; pavement cells

Figure 1.

Schematic drawings of cell differentiation in selected cell types. Note, that the genes named for differentiation steps are not complete lists but examples. (a) Trichome cell differentiation. (b) Root hair cell differentiation. (c) Pavement cell morphogenesis. ROP localization is indicated in red, actin is shown in green and microtubules in blue. (d) Xylem cell differentiation.


Further Reading

Cosgrove DJ (2005) Growth of the plant cell wall. Nature Reviews 6: 850–861.

Fukuda H (2004) Signals that control plant vascular cell differentiation. Nature Reviews 5: 379–391.

Hülskamp M (2004) Plant trichomes: a model for cell differentiation. Nature Reviews 5: 471–480.

Schiefelbein J (2000) Constructing a plant cell. The genetic control of root hair development. Plant Physiology 124: 1525–1531.

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How to Cite close
Hülskamp, Martin, and Uhrig, Joachim(Sep 2007) Plant Cell Differentiation. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0001690.pub2]