Evolutionary Ideas: Darwin


Charles Darwin is rightly regarded as the founder of modern evolution theory, although it is important to distinguish between his proposal of the theory of natural selection and his role in converting the scientific community to evolutionism. The general idea of evolution was soon accepted, but the selection theory remained controversial until the middle of the twentieth century.

Keywords: Darwin; Darwinism; evolution; natural selection; Origin of Species

Further Reading

Bowler PJ (1990) Charles Darwin: the Man and His Influence. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Browne J (1995) Charles Darwin: Voyaging. London: Jonathan Cape.

Darwin C (1958) The Autobiography of Charles Darwin, Barlow N (ed.). New York: Harcourt Brace.

Darwin C (1964) The Origin of Species (reprint), Mayr E (ed.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Darwin C (1985) A Calendar of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Burkhardt F and Smyth S (eds). New York: Garland.

Darwin C (1985) The Correspondence of Charles Darwin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Darwin C (1987) Charles Darwin's Notebooks, 1836–1844, Barrett PH et al. (eds). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Darwin C (1988) Charles Darwin's Beagle Diary, Keynes RD (ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Darwin C and Wallace AR (1958) Evolution by Natural Selection, De Beer G (ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

De Beer G (1963) Charles Darwin. London: Nelson.

Desmond A and Moore J (1991) Darwin. London: Michael Joseph.

Ellegard A (1957) Darwin and the General Reader. Gothenburg: Acta Universitatis Gothenburgensis.

Himmelfarb G (1959) Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution. New York: Norton.

Hull D (1973) Darwin and His Critics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Kohn D (ed.) (1985) The Darwinian Heritage. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Ospovat D (1981) The Development of Darwin's Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ruse M (1979) The Darwinian Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Young RM (1985) Darwin's Metaphor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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Bowler, Peter J(Apr 2001) Evolutionary Ideas: Darwin. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001692]