Speciation: Allopatric

Abstract

Allopatric speciation, the splitting of one species into two as a result of the geographic separation of populations, is regarded by many evolutionists as the predominant mode by which new species are formed and biodiversity generated.

Keywords: vicariant speciation; peripatric speciation; centrifugal speciation; reproductive isolation; reinforcement

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Further Reading

Otte D and Endler JA (eds) (1989) Speciation and Its Consequences. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates.

Howard DJ and Berlocher SH (eds) (1998) Endless Forms: Species and Speciation. New York: Oxford University Press.

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How to Cite close
Howard, Daniel J(May 2003) Speciation: Allopatric. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001748]