Genome Evolution: Overview

Abstract

The genome is the total genetic constitution of an organism. Understanding of the structure and evolution of genomes is undergoing a revolution with ability to sequence entire genomes. A key feature in the evolution of genomes is the creation of new genes, usually by duplication.

Keywords: Archaea; repetitive DNA; concerted evolution; selfish DNA; junk DNA

Further Reading

Cavalier‐Smith T (ed.) (1985) The Evolution of Genome Size. New York: Wiley.

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Douglas SE (1998) Plastid evolution: origins, diversity, trends. Current Opinion in Genetics and Development 8: 655–661.

Forterre P (1997) Archaea: what can we learn from their sequences? Current Opinion in Genetics and Development 7: 764–770.

Gilson PR, Maier U‐G and McFadden GI (1997) Size isn't everything, lessons in genetic miniaturization from nucleomorphs. Current Opinion in Genetics and Development 7: 800–806.

Gruar D and Li W‐H (1999) Fundamental of Molecular Evolution, 2nd edn. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.

Keeling PJ (1998) A kingdom's progress: archezona and the origin of eukaryotes. BioEssays 20: 87–95.

Koonin EV and Galperin MY (1997) Prokaryotic genomes: the emerging paradigm of genome‐based microbiology. Current Opinion in Genetics and Development 7: 757–763.

Li W‐H (1997) Molecular Evolution. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.

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TIGR (2000) TIGR – The Institute for Genomic Research. [http://www.tigr.org/tdb/index.shtml] [The Institute for Genomic Research website provides a listing of all fully sequenced genomes.]

OGMP (2000) OGMP – The Organelle Genome Megasequencing Program [http://megasun.bch.umontreal.ca/ogmpproj.html] [The Organelle Genome Megasequencing Program website provides a listing of fully sequenced mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes.]

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How to Cite close
Walsh, J Bruce(Apr 2001) Genome Evolution: Overview. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001810]