Reproduction in Amphibians

Abstract

In terms of its most basic components, reproduction in amphibians is similar to that in other vertebrate animals. But, superimposed on this similarity is a level of diversity that is unique among the tetrapods.

Keywords: gonads; gametes; mating; sexual selection; parental care

Figure 1.

A male midwife toad carrying fertilized eggs. (Courtesy of Tim Halliday.)

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Further Reading

Crews D (ed.) (1987) Psychobiology of Reproductive Behavior. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Crump ML (1995) Parental care. In: Heatwole H and Sullivan BK (eds) Amphibian Biology, vol. 2: Social Behaviour, pp. 518–567. Chipping Norton, NSW, Australia: Surrey Beatty

Duellman WE and Trueb L (1986) Biology of Amphibians. New York: McGraw‐Hill.

Hayes TB (1998) Sex determination and primary sex differentiation in amphibians: genetic and developmental mechanisms. Journal of Experimental Zoology 281: 373–399.

Houck LD and Woodley SK (1995) Field studies of steroid hormones and male reproductive behaviour in amphibians. In: Heatwole H and Sullivan BK (eds) Amphibian Biology, vol. 2 Social Behaviour, pp. 677–703. Chipping Norton, NSW, Australia: Surrey Beatty

Lofts B (1984) Amphibians. In: Lamming GE (ed.) Marshall's Physiology of Reproduction, vol. 1: Reproductive Cycles of Vertebrates, pp. 127–205. London: Churchill Livingstone.

Pough FH, Andrews RM, Cadle JE, et al. (2001) Herpetology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Sullivan BK, Ryan MJ and Verrell PA (1995) Female choice and mating system structure. In: Heatwole H and Sullivan BK (eds) Amphibian Biology, vol. 2: Social Behaviour, pp. 469–517. Chipping Norton, NSW, Australia: Surrey Beatty

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How to Cite close
Verrell, Paul(Jul 2003) Reproduction in Amphibians. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001853]