Prostate Cancer


The prostate is a walnut‐sized gland located between the bladder and external urinary sphincter through which the urethra passes. The primary function of the prostate is to produce the fluid that accompanies the ejaculate; hence, it is important in reproduction. Adenocarcinoma of the prostate is the fourth most commonly diagnosed cancer in men worldwide.

Keywords: prostate cancer; prostate‐specific antigen; radical prostatectomy; radiation therapy; androgen ablation therapy


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Further Reading

Raghavan D, Scher HI, Leibel SA and Lange P (1997) Principles and Practice of Genitourinary Oncology. Philadelphia: Lippincott‐Raven.

Shi X‐B, Gumerlock PH, Evans CP and deVere White RW (1998) The molecular basis of prostate cancer. In: Kurzrock R and Talpaz M (eds) Molecular Biology in Cancer Medicine, 2nd edn, pp. 411–426. London: Martin Duntz.

Vogelzang NJ, Scardino PT, Shipley WU and Coffey DS (2000) Comprehensive Textbook of Genitourinary Oncology, 2nd edn. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

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How to Cite close
Evans, Christopher P, and Busby, J Erik(May 2005) Prostate Cancer. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003856]