Dyslexia is a disorder characterized by difficulty in learning to read that cannot be attributed to secondary organic, mechanical or social circumstances.

Keywords: dyslexia; specific reading difficulty; learning difficulty

Further Reading

Boder E (1973) Developmental dyslexia: A diagnostic screening procedure based on three characteristic patterns of reading and spelling. In: Bateman B (ed.) Learning Disorders. Seattle: Special Child Publications.

Castles A and Coltheart M (1993) Varieties of developmental dyslexia. Cognition 47 (2): 149–180.

Critchley M (1970) The Dyslexic Child. London: William Heinemann Medical Books, pp. 11.

DeFries JC and Gillis JJ (1993) Genetics of reading disability. In: Plomin R and McClearn G (eds) Nature, Nurture and Psychology. Washington DC: APA Press.

Lovegrove W (1993) Weakness in the transient visual system. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 682: 57–69.

Nicolson RI and Fawcett AJ (1999) Developmental dyslexia: the role of the cerebellum. Dyslexia: An International Journal of Research and Practice 5: 155–177.

Snowling M (2000) Dyslexia. Oxford: Blackwell.

Stein JF and Talcott JB (1999) The magnocellular theory of dyslexia. Dyslexia 5: 59–78.

Wilkins A (1995) Visual Stress. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Pammer, Kristen(Jan 2003) Dyslexia. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001898]