Eugenics: Historical


Eugenics is the study of the method of improving the quality of the human race, especially by selective breeding. First developed in the nineteenth century, the theory was put into practice in the eugenics policies of the UK, USA and Germany in the twentieth century. Renewed interest in eugenics has been occasioned by human genome data identification and collection.

Keywords: eugenics; negative eugenics; positive eugenics; sterilization laws

Further Reading

Barkan E (1991) The Retreat of Scientific Racism: Changing Concepts of Race in Britain and the United States Between the World Wars. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Duster T (1990) Backdoor to Eugenics. New York & London: Routledge.

Friedlander H (1995) The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Kevles DJ (1985) In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity. New York: Alfred A Knopf.

Pernick MS (1996) The Black Stork: Eugenics and the Death of „Defective” Babies in American Medicine and Motion Pictures since 1915. New York: Oxford University Press.

Proctor RN (1988) Racial Hygiene: Medicine Under the Nazis. Cambridge, MA & London: Harvard University Press.

Reilly P (1991) The Surgical Solution: A History of Involuntary Sterilization in the United States. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Shipman P (1994) The Evolution of Racism: Human Differences and the Abuse of Science. New York: Simon & Shuster.

Smith JD (1985) Minds Made Feeble: The Myth and Legacy of the Kallikaks. Rockville, MD: Aspen Systems Corporation.

Stepan NL (1991) The Hour of Eugenics: Race, Gender, and Nation in Latin America. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

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Connell, Susan(Apr 2001) Eugenics: Historical. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001903]