Protozoan Taxonomy and Systematics


Taxonomy and systematics of major groups of the Protozoa, an assemblage of so‐called lower eukaryotes, refer basically to the classification of such groups, that is, their arrangement into a hierarchy of evolutionary interrelated groups (taxa) of scientifically named phyla, classes, orders, etc.

Keywords: Protozoa; algae; eukaryotic microorganisms; protozoan classifications


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Cavalier‐Smith T (1998) A revised six‐kingdom system of life. Biological Reviews 73: 203–266.

Coombs GH, Vickerman K, Sleigh MA and Warren A (eds) (1998) Evolutionary Relationships Among Protozoa. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

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Corliss JO (1994) An interim utilitarian (‘user‐friendly’) hierarchical classification and characterization of the protists. Acta Protozoologica 33: 1–51.

Corliss JO (1998) Classification of protozoa and protists: the current status. In: Coombs GH, Vickerman K, Sleigh MA and Warren A (eds) Evolutionary Relationships Among Protozoa, pp. 409–447. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Corliss JO (2000) Biodiversity, classification, and numbers of species of protists. In: Raven P and Williams T (eds) Nature and Human Society: the Quest for a Sustainable World, pp. 130–155. Washington DC: National Academy Press.

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Sleigh MA (1989) Protozoa and Other Protists, 2nd edn. London: Arnold.

Further Reading

Andersen RA (1992) Diversity of eukaryotic algae. Biodiversity and Conservation 1: 267–292.

Cavalier‐Smith T (1989) The kingdom Chromista. In: Green JC, Leadbeater BSC and Diver WL (eds) The Chromophyte Algae: Problems and Perspectives, pp. 381–407. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Cavalier‐Smith T (1995) Evolutionary protistology comes of age: biodiversity and molecular cell biology. Archiv für Protistenkunde 145: 145–154.

Corliss JO (1998) Haeckel's kingdom Protista and current concepts in systematic protistology. Stapfia 56: 85–104.

Grell KG (1973) Protozoology. Berlin: Springer‐Verlag.

Kudo RR (1966) Protozoology, 5th edn. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.

Margulis L (1996) Archaeal–eubacterial mergers in the origin of Eukarya: phylogenetic classification of life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 93: 1071–1076.

Patterson DJ (1994) Protozoa: evolution and systematics. In: Hausmann K and Hülsmann N (eds) Progress in Protistology (Proceedings of the IX International Congress of Protozoology, Berlin, July–August 1993), pp. 1–14. Stuttgart: G Fischer.

Vickerman K (1998) Revolution among the Protozoa. In: Coombs GH, Vickerman K, Sleigh MA and Warren A (eds) Evolutionary Relationships Among Protozoa, pp. 1–24. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

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Corliss, John O(Apr 2001) Protozoan Taxonomy and Systematics. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001925]