Protozoan Diversity and Biogeography

Abstract

Over 100 000 protozoa have been named. Many are associated with particular types of habitats and there is a growing view that many protozoa can be found in those habitats anywhere in the world.

Keywords: protozoa; protista; biogeography

Figure 1.

Numbers of species of organisms plotted against size – adapted from May 1988. The scale is the log of the numerical values. The dotted line projects the relationship that appears to exist for the larger organisms to the microorganisms.

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References

Corliss JO (1982) Numbers of species comprising the phyletic groups assignable to the kingdom protista. Journal of Protozoology 29: 499.

May RM (1988) How many species are there on Earth? Science 241: 1441–1449.

Further Reading

Adlard RD and O'Donoghue PJ (1998) Perspectives on the biodiversity of parasitic protozoa in Australia. Australian Biologist 11: 121–132.

Allsopp D, Colwell RR, Hawksworth DL (eds) (1995) Microbial Diversity and Ecosystem Function. Oxford: CAB International.

Berninger U‐G, Caron DA, Sanders RW and Finlay BJ (1991) Heterotrophic flagellates of planktonic communities, their characteristics and methods of study. In: Patterson DJ and Larsen J (eds) The Biology of Free Living Heterotrophic Flagellates, special vol. 45, pp. 39–56, Oxford: Clarendon.

Fenchel T (1987) The Ecology of Protozoa. Madison, WI: Science Tech.

Finlay BJ (1998) The global diversity of protozoa and other small species. International Journal of Parasitology 28: 29–48.

Lee WJ and Patterson DJ (1998) Diversity and geographic distribution of free‐living heterotrophic flagellates – analysis by PRIMER. Protist 149: 229–243.

Patterson DJ (1994) Protozoa, evolution and systematics. In: Hausmann K and Hülsmann N (eds) Progress in Protozoology, Proceedings of the IX International Congress of Protozoology, pp. 1–14. Stuttgart, Germany: Gustav Fischer.

Patterson DJ (1999) The diversity of eukaryotes. American Naturalist 154: S96–S124.

Patterson DJ and Larsen J (eds) (1991) The Biology of Free‐living Heterotrophic Flagellates. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Tyler PA (1996) Endemism in freshwater algae. Hydrobiologia 336: 127–135.

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How to Cite close
Patterson, David J(Apr 2001) Protozoan Diversity and Biogeography. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001926]