Antimicrobials against Anaerobic Bacteria


Anaerobic bacteria including Bacteroides species and Clostridium difficile are important causes of infection that usually require specific antimicrobial therapy.

Keywords: Bacteroides; Clostridium difficile; antimicrobial therapy

Figure 1.

C. difficile toxin‐positive stools 1990–1998. (Compiled by Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre from data supplied by diagnostic microbiology laboratories in England and Wales.)



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Brazier JS, Stubbs SL and Duerden BI (1999) Metronidazole resistance among clinical isolates belonging to the Bacteroides fragilis group: time to be concerned? Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 44: 580–581.

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Duerden BI (1995) Role of the reference laboratory in susceptibility testing of anaerobes and a survey of isolates referred from laboratories in England and Wales during 1993–94. Clinical Infectious Diseases 20 (supplement 2): 180–186.

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Hall IC and O'Toole E (1935) Intestinal flora in newborn infants with a description of a new pathogenic anaerobe, Bacillus difficilis. American Journal of Diseases in Childhood 49: 390–402.

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Further Reading

Finegold SM and George WL (eds) (1989) Anaerobic Infections in Humans. San Diego: Academic Press.

Duerden BI and Drasar BS (eds) (1991) Anaerobes in Human Disease. London: Edward Arnold.

Clostridium difficile infection (1998) Report of a Working Group. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 41 (supplement C). [Whole issue.]

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How to Cite close
Brazier, Jon, and Duerden, Brian I(Apr 2001) Antimicrobials against Anaerobic Bacteria. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0002000]