Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder is a clinical condition that develops in some individuals after exposure to major psychological trauma. It is characterized by distressing symptoms, including re‐experiencing of the inciting event(s), hypersensitivity to trauma‐related stimuli and chronic hyperarousal.

Keywords: PTSD; posttraumatic stress disorder; stress; anxiety

References

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Davis M (1992) Analysis of aversive memories using the fear‐potentiated startle paradigm. In: Squire LR and Butters N (eds) Neuropsychology of Memory, 2nd edn., pp. 470–484. New York: Guilford Press

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Szabo ST and Blier P (2001) Functional and pharmacological characterization of the modulatory role of serotonin on the firing activity of locus coeruleus norepinephrine neurons. Brain Research 922: 9–20.

van der Kolk BA, McFarlane AC and Weisaeth L (eds) (1996) Traumatic Stress: The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind, Body, and Society. New York: Guilford Press.

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How to Cite close
Stowe, Robert M, and Taylor, Steven(Feb 2003) Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0002211]