Heart Failure: Introduction


Heart failure is a disease caused by reduced heart pumping and associated with shortness of breath, fatigue and increased mortality.

Keywords: heart failure; cardiomyopathy; ischaemic heart disease; valvular heart disease

Further Reading

Coats AJS and Poole‐Wilson PA (1996) The syndrome of heart failure. In: Weatherall DJ, Ledingham JGG and Warrell DA (eds) Oxford Textbook of Medicine, pp. 2228–2238 Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McFate Smith W (1985) Epidemiology of congestive heart failure. American Journal of Cardiology 55: 3A–8A.

Packer M, Coats AJS and Fowler MB et al., for the Carvedilol Prospective Randomized Cumulative Survival Study Group (2001) Effect of carvedilol on survival in severe chronic heart failure. New England Journal of Medicine 344: 1651–1658.

Poole‐Wilson PA, Chatterjee K, Colucci W, Massie B and Coats AJS (eds) (1997) Heart Failure: Scientific Principles and Clinical Practice. New York: Churchill‐Livingstone, ISBN: 0‐443‐07501‐8.

The CONSENSUS Trial Study Group (1987) Effects of enalapril on mortality in severe congestive heart failure: results of the Cooperative North Scandinavian Enalapril Survival Study. New England Journal of Medicine 316: 1429–1435.

The SOLVD Investigators (1991) Effect of enalapril on survival in patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fractions and congestive heart failure. New England Journal of Medicine 325: 293–302.

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How to Cite close
Coats, Andrew JS(Sep 2005) Heart Failure: Introduction. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0002298]