Metchnikoff, Elie (Ilya)


1845–1916 Russian biologist who discovered phagocytes, developed a cellular theory of immunity, demonstrated the cells of acute inflammation and studied ageing.

Keywords: phagocyte; cellular immunity; inflammation; ageing

Further Reading

Metchnikoff E (1884) Ueber eine Sprosspilzkrankheit der Daphnien. Beitrag zur Lehre über den Kampf der Phagocyten gegan Krankheitserreger. Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin 96: 177–195.

Metchnikoff E (1905) Immunity in Infective Diseases, Binnie FG (transl.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

De Kruif P (1926) Metchnikoff: The nice phagocytes. Microbe Hunters, pp. 190–214. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Hirsch JG (1959) Immunity to infectious diseases: review of some concepts of Metchnikoff. Bacteriological Reviews 23: 48–60.

Metchnikoff O (1921) Life of Eli Metchnikoff 1845–1916. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Silverstein AM (1979) Cellular versus humoral immunity; determinants and consequences of an epic 19th century battle. Cellular Immunology 48: 208–221.

Tauber AI and Chernyak L (1991) Metchnikoff and the Origins of Immunology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Zalkind S (1959) Ilya Mechnikov. His Life and Work, Danko X. (transl.). Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House.

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How to Cite close
Cruse, JM, and Lewis, RE(May 2001) Metchnikoff, Elie (Ilya). In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0002355]