Bichat, Marie‐François‐Xavier


1771–1802 French medical figure of the Revolutionary period who was a leading exponent of vitalism and a founder of histology and histopathology.

Keywords: histology; histopathology; magendie; physiology; tissues; vitalism

Further Reading

Bichat MFX (1800) Traité des Membranes en Général et de Diverses Membranes en Particulier. Paris: Richard, Caille et Revier.

Bichat MFX (1800) Recherches Physiologiques sur la Vie et la Mort. Paris: Brosson, Gabon et Cie.

Bichat MFX (1801) Anatomie Générale, Appliquée à la Physiologie et à la Médecine, 4 vols. Paris: Brosson.

Bichat MFX (1801–1803) Traité d'anatomie descriptive, 5 vols. Paris: Gabon.

Albury WR (1977) Experiment and explanation in the physiology of Bichat and Magendie. Studies in History of Biology 1: 47–131.

Canguilhem G (1970–1980) Bichat, Marie‐François‐Xavier. In: Gillispie CC (ed.) Dictionary of Scientific Biography, vol. 2, pp. 122–123. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Haigh E (1984) Xavier Bichat and the Medical Theory of the Eighteenth Century (Medical History, Supplement No. 4). London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine.

Lesch J (1984) Science and Medicine in France: The Emergence of Experimental Physiology, 1790–1855. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.

Maulitz RC (1987) Morbid Appearances: The Anatomy of Pathology in the Early Nineteenth Century. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

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How to Cite close
Albury, W Randall(Apr 2001) Bichat, Marie‐François‐Xavier. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0002365]