Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von


1749–1832German poet, scientist and statesman who authored influential works on the morphology of plants and animals, as well as a theory of colours that countered that of Isaac Newton.

Keywords: plants; morphology; colour theory; romantic science

Figure 1.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832).


Further Reading

Goethe JW (1790) Versuch, die Metamorphose der Pflanzen zu erklären. Gotha, Germany: Carl Wilhelm Ettinger.

Goethe JW (1810) Zur Farbenlehre. Tübingen: JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung.

Amrine FJ, Wheeler H and Zucker J (eds) (1987) Goethe and the Sciences: A Re‐appraisal. Boston: D. Reidel.

Magnus R (1949) Goethe as Scientist, Norden H (transl). New York: Schuman.

Overbeck G 1960–1961 Goethes Lehre von der Metamorphose der Pflanzen und ihre Widerspiegelung in seiner Dichtung. Publications of the English Goethe Society 31: 38–59.

Steiner R (1950) Goethe the Scientist, Wannamaker O (transl). New York: Anthroposophic Press.

Tantillo A (1994) Nature's Artistry: Goethe's Science and Die Wahlverwandtschaften. Chicago: The University of Chicago.

Wells GA (1978) Goethe and the Development of the Sciences 1750–1900. Alpen aan den Rijn, The Netherlands: Sijthoff and Noordhoff.

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Sosulski, Michael J(Feb 2003) Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0002429]