Pauling, Linus Carl


1901–1994 American chemist who made fundamental contributions to many areas of science, including inorganic, organic and theoretical chemistry, biology and medicine. He was politically active, and spoke out loudly in support of world peace. In later years he attracted controversy with his advocacy of massive doses of vitamin C as a palliative for everything from the common cold to old age and cancer.

Keywords: chemical bond; vitamin C; protein; sickle cell anaemia; orthomolecular medicine; crystallography

Further Reading

Pauling L (1939) The Nature of the Chemical Bond and the Structure of Molecules and Crystals. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Pauling L (1958) No More War! London: Victor Gollancz.

Pauling L (1970) Vitamin C and the Common Cold. San Francisco: WH Freeman.

Dunitz JD (1996) Linus Carl Pauling. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 42: 315–338.

Goertzel TG and Goertzel B (1996) Linus Pauling: A Life in Science and Politics. New York: Basic Books.

Hager T (1995) Force of Nature: The Life of Linus Pauling. New York: Simon & Schuster.

James LK (ed.) (1993) Nobel Laureates in Chemistry 1901–1992. Washington DC: American Chemical Society and Chemical Heritage Foundation.

Landsteiner K (1945) The Specificity of Serological Reactions. 2nd edn. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Marinacci B (ed.) (1996) Linus Pauling in his Own Words: Selections from his Writings, Speeches and Interviews. London: Touchstone.

Morgan GJ (1998) Emile Zuckerkandl, Linus Pauling, and the molecular evolutionary clock, 1959–1965. Journal of the History of Biology 31: 155–178.

Oregon State University Special Collections (2002) Linus Pauling Research Notebooks.

Richards E (1991) Vitamin C and Cancer: Medicine or Politics? London: Macmillan.

Serafini A (1989) Linus Pauling: A Man and His Science. New York: Simon & Schuster.

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How to Cite close
Watson, Katherine D(Mar 2002) Pauling, Linus Carl. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0002453]