Romanes, George John


1848–1894 Canadian‐born Britishresearch associate of Charles Darwin and a founder of evolutionary psychology, whose fundamental contributions to speciation theory were ignored for much of the twentieth century.

Keywords: Darwin; evolutionary psychology; evolution; chromosomal speciation; physiological selection

Figure 1.

George John Romanes (1848–1894). Reproduced with permission of Giles J. Romanes


Further Reading

Romanes GJ (1888) Mental Evolution in Man. London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Co.

Romanes GJ (1897) Darwin, and After Darwin. An Exposition of the Darwinian Theory and a Discussion of Post‐Darwinian Questions, vol. 3: Isolation and Physiological Selection. London: Longmans, Green & Co.

Forsdyke DR (1999) Two levels of information in DNA. Relationship of Romanes’ ‘intrinsic’ variability of the reproductive system, and Bateson's ‘residue’, to the species‐dependent component of the base composition, (C+G)%. Journal of Theoretical Biology 201: 47–61.

Forsdyke DR (2000) Huxley and The Philosopher's wife. Another case history in evaluation in science. In: Tomorrow's Cures Today? How to Reform the Health Research System, pp. 35–54. Newark, NJ: Harwood Academic.

Forsdyke DR (2001) The Origin of Species, Revisited. Montreal: McGill‐Queen's University Press.

Forsdyke DR. Evolution [∼forsdyke/evolutio.htm] [Full texts of key papers by Romanes.]

French RD (1970) Darwin and the physiologists, or the medusa and modern cardiology. Journal of the History of Biology 3: 253–274.

Lesch JE (1975) The role of isolation in evolution: George J. Romanes and John T. Gulick. Isis 66: 483–503.

Romanes E (1896) The Life and Letters of George John Romanes. London: Longmans, Green & Co.

Schwartz JS (1995) George John Romanes's defence of Darwinism: The correspondence of Charles Darwin and his chief disciple. Journal of the History of Biology 28: 281–316.

The Darwin Correspondence Project. [] [Summaries of correspondence between Romanes and Darwin.]

Turner FM (1974) George John Romanes: From faith to faith. In: Between Science and Religion, pp. 134–163. New Haven: Yale University Press.

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How to Cite close
Forsdyke, Donald R(Oct 2001) Romanes, George John. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0002466]