Vries, Hugo de


de Vries (1848–1935), a Dutch botanist, who pioneered research on osmosis, rediscovered Mendel's laws and developed an influential hereditary theory.

Keywords: osmosis; growth; Mendel's laws; mutation; evolution theory; speciation

Further Reading

Bavel C van (2000) Hugo De Vries: Travels of a Dutch Botanist in America, 1904–1912. Center Point, TX: Pecan Valley Press.

Gillispie CC (ed.) (1970–1980) Dictionary of Scientific Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Sohn W (2001) Hugo de Vries (1848–1935). In: Jahn I and Schmitt M (Hrsg.) Darwin & Co., vol. II. pp. 9–27. München: Beck.

Stamhuis IH (2003) The reactions on Hugo de Vries's ‘Intracellular pangenesis’. The discussion with August Weismann. Journal of the History of Biology 36: 119–152.

Stamhuis IH (2005) Hugo De Vries’ transitions in research interest and method. In: Müller‐Wille S and Rheinberger HJ (eds) Conference. A Cultural History of Heredity III: 19th and Early 20th Centuries. Preprint 294, pp. 115–136. Berlin: Max Planck Institute for the History of Science.

Stamhuis IH, Meijer OG and Zevenhuizen EJA (1999) Hugo de Vries on heredity, 1889–1903. Statistics, Mendelian laws, pangenes, mutations. Isis 90: 238–267.

Theunissen B (1994) Knowledge is power. Hugo de Vries on science, heredity and social progress. The British Journal for the History of Science 27: 291–311.

de Vries H (1889) Intracellulare Pangenesis. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

de Vries H (1900) Das Spaltungsgesetz der Bastarde. Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft 18: 83–90.

de Vries H (1901–1903) Die Mutationstheorie. Versuche und Beobachtungen über die Entstehung von Arten im Pflanzenreich, 2vols. Leipzig: Veit.

de Vries H (1909–1910) The Mutation Theory. Experiments and Observations on the Origin of Species in the Vegetable Kingdom, 2vols. Chicago: Open Court.

de Vries H (1918–1927) Opera e periodicis collata, 7 vols. Utrecht: Oosthoek.

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Dröscher, Ariane(Apr 2008) Vries, Hugo de. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0002471]