Jennings, Herbert Spencer


1868–1947 American zoologist who did pioneering studies in invertebrate psychology and genetics.

Keywords: comparative invertebrate psychology; eugenics; emergent evolution; mechanism–vitalism debate; Jacques Loeb

Further Reading

Jennings HS (1906) Behavior of the Lower Organisms. New York: Macmillan.

Jennings HS (1930) The Biological Basis of Human Nature. New York: WW Norton.

Barkan E (1991) Reevaluating progressive eugenics: Herbert Spencer Jennings and the 1924 immigration legislation. Journal of the History of Biology 24: 91–112.

Kingsland S (1987) A man out of place: Herbert Spencer Jennings at Johns Hopkins, 1906–1938. American Zoologist 27: 807–817.

Pauly PJ (1981) The Loeb–Jennings debate and the science of animal behavior. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 17: 504–515.

Sonneborn TM (1975) Herbert Spencer Jennings, 1868–1947. Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences 47: 143–223.

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Dror, Otniel E(Apr 2001) Jennings, Herbert Spencer. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0002491]