Mayr, Ernst Walter


(1904–) German‐born American ornithologistwith major impacts on evolutionary theory and systematics in the twentieth century; also tireless campaigner for the importance of biogeography, systematics and the study of organisms when biology seemed increasingly reductionist.

Keywords: ornithology; systematics; biogeography; evolution; modern synthesis

Further Reading

Mayr E (1932) A tenderfoot explorer in New Guinea. Reminiscences of an expedition for birds in the primeval forests of the Arfak Mountains. Natural History 32: 83–97.

Mayr E (1942) Systematics and the Origin of Species, from the Viewpoint of a Zoologist. New York: Columbia University Press.

Mayr E (1963) Animal Species and Evolution. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Mayr E (1982) The Growth of Biological Thought: Diversity, Evolution, and Inheritance. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Mayr E and Jaques FL (1945) Birds of the southwest Pacific, a field guide to the birds of the Area between Samoa, New Caledonia, and Micronesia. New York: Macmillan.

Mayr E, Linsley EG and Usinger RL (1953) Methods and Principles of Systematic Zoology. New York: McGraw‐Hill.

Cain J (1994) Ernst Mayr as community architect: launching the Society for the Study of Evolution and the journal. Evolution, Biology and Philosophy 9: 387–427.

Greene J and Ruse M (1994) Special issue on Ernst Mayr at ninety. Biology and Philosophy 9: 263–427.

Haffer J (1997) ‘We Must Lead the Way on New Paths’: the Work and Correspondence of Hartert, Stresemann, and Ernst Mayr – International Ornithologists. Ludwigsburg: Jochen Hölzinger.

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How to Cite close
Cain, Joe(Sep 2002) Mayr, Ernst Walter. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0002543]