Mendel, Gregor Johann


(1822–1884) Moravian biologist and physicistfrom whose plant breeding studies were derived fundamental laws of inheritance, which founded a new branch of biology, genetics.

Keywords: heredity; plant breeding; constant hybrids; Mendel's laws; genetics

Figure 1.

Mendel, Gregor Johann. Courtesy of the National Library of Medicine.


Further Reading

Mendel GJ (1866) Experiments on plant hybridization. Verhandlungen des naturforschenden Vereines in Brünn 4: 3–47.

Mendel GJ (1870) On Hieracium hybrids obtained by artificial fertilization. Verhandlungen des naturforschenden Vereines in Brünn 8: 26–31.

Bateson W (1909) Mendel's Principles of Heredity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Blumberg RB (1997) MendelWeb


Forsdyke D (2000) William Bateson: Two Levels of genetic Information


Forsdyke DR (2000) Haldane's rule: hybrid sterility affects the heterogametic sex first because sexual differentiation is on the path to species differentiation. Journal of Theoretical Biology 204: 443–452.

Iltis H (1932) Life of Mendel, First English edn. London: Allen and Unwin.

Olby R (1985) The Origins of Mendelism, 2nd edn. Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press.

Orel V (1996) Gregor Mendel, the First Geneticist. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Orel V (2000) Constant hybrids in Mendel's research. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22: 291–299.

Roberts HF (1929) Plant Hybridization before Mendel. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Sandler I (2000) Development: Mendel's legacy to genetics. Genetics 154: 7–11.

Contact Editor close
Submit a note to the editor about this article by filling in the form below.

* Required Field

How to Cite close
Forsdyke, Donald R(Feb 2002) Mendel, Gregor Johann. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0002544]