Chamberland, Charles Edouard

Abstract

Charles Chamberland was an associate of Louis Pasteur whose technical skills and inventive mind added significantly to the experimental investigations of chicken cholera, anthrax, swine erysipelas and rabies and the development of vaccines produced by the Pasteur Institute. Trained in physics and mathematics rather than biology or medicine, he is credited with the invention of the first laboratory autoclave and the Chamberland–Pasteur porcelain filter. His laboratory of applied microbiology within the Pasteur Institute had the major responsibility for producing commercial anthrax vaccines and advising satellite Pasteur institutes.

Keywords: Charles Chamberland; Louis Pasteur; Pasteur Institute; anthrax vaccine; commercial vaccines; autoclave; Chamberland–Pasteur filter

References

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Chamberland C (1879) Recherches sur l'origine et le développement des organismes microscopiques. Doctoral thesis in Physical Sciences, Paris.

Chamberland C (1884) Sur une filtre donnant de l'eau physiologiquement pure. Comptes Rendus Académie des Sciences Paris 99: 247–248.

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Further Reading

Debré P (1998) Louis Pasteur. Translated by Ellborg Forster. Baltimore Md: Johns Hopkins University Press.

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How to Cite close
Harvey, Joy(May 2011) Chamberland, Charles Edouard. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0002750]