Réaumur, René Antoine Ferchault de


A mathematician turned naturalist, experimentalist and engineer, Réaumur tackled a wide variety of subjects. He was the head of a network of scholars whose seminal works set new standards for experimentation in the life sciences during the 1740s.

Keywords: enlightenment science; experimentation; history of life sciences; technology; zoology

Further Reading

Dawson VP (1987) Nature's Enigma: The Problem of the Polyp in the Letters of Bonnet, Trembley and Réaumur. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.

Gillispie CC (ed.) (1970–1980) Dictionary of Scientific Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Ratcliff MJ (2005) Experiment, communication and patronage: a perspective on René‐Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur (1683–1757). Biology of the Cell 97: 1–3.

Ratcliff MJ (forthcoming) The Quest for the Invisible: Microscopy in the Enlightenment. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Réaumur RAF (1734–1742) Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire des insectes, 6 vols. Paris: Imprimerie Royale.

Trembley M and Guyénot E (eds) (1943) Correspondance inédite entre Réaumur et Abraham Trembley. Georg: Genève.

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Ratcliff, Marc J(Apr 2008) Réaumur, René Antoine Ferchault de. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0002766]