Coexistence refers to a state in which different organisms persist together in the same locality. Coexistence of species is a fundamental issue in community ecology.

Keywords: competition; niche differentiation; fractal; agent‐mediation; stochasticity

Figure 1.

Fractal coexistence of (a) two species, and (b) four species. Modified from Tokeshi (1999).



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Further Reading

Chesson P (1986) Environmental variation and the coexistence of species. In: Diamond J and Case T (eds) Community Ecology, pp. 240–256. New York: Harper & Row

Huston MA (1995) Biological Diversity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Schoener TW (1974) Resource partitioning in ecological communities. Science 185: 27–39.

Tokeshi M (1999) Species Coexistence: Ecological and Evolutionary Perspectives. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

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How to Cite close
Tokeshi, M(Mar 2002) Coexistence. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003185]