Homo habilis

Abstract

Homo habilis is an extinct species of hominin, presently included within the genus Homo, and best known from sites in East Africa.

Keywords: hominin; Homo habilis; hominin species; species recognition; Olduvai Gorge; Koobi Fora; Plio‐Pleistocene

Figure 1.

Characteristics of Homo habilis sensu stricto.

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References

Grine FE, Demes B, Jungers WL III, Cole TM (1993) Taxonomic affinity of the early Homo cranium from Swartkans, South Africa. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 92: 411–426.

Hughes AR and Tobias PV (1977) A fossil skull probably of the genus Homo from Sterkfontein, Transvaal. Nature 265: 310–312.

Kimbel WH, Walter RC, Johanson DC et al. (1996) Late Pliocene Homo and Oldowan tools from the Hadar Formation (Kada Hadar Member), Ethiopia. Journal of Human Evolution 31: 549–561.

Leakey LSB, Tobias PV and Napier JR (1964) A new species of the genus Homo from Olduvai Gorge. Nature 202: 7–9.

Leakey MD, Clarke RJ and Leakey LSB (1971) New hominid skull from Bed 1, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Nature 232: 308–312.

Lieberman DE, Wood BA and Pilbeam DR (1996) Homoplasy and early Homo: an analysis of the evolutionary relationships of Homo habilis sensu stricto and Homo rudolfensis. Journal of Human Evolution 30: 97–120.

Rightmire GP (1993) Variation among early Homo crania from Olduvai Gorge and the Koobi Fora region. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 90: 1–33.

Strait DS, Grine FE and Moniz MA (1997) A reappraisal of early hominid phylogeny. Journal of Human Evolution 32: 17–82.

Stringer CB (1986) The credibility of Homo habilis. In: Wood B, Martin L and Andrews P (eds) Major Topics in Primate and Human Evolution, pp. 266–294. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Wood BA (1985) Early Homo in Kenya, and its systematic relationships. In: Delson E (ed.) Ancestors: The Hard Evidence, pp. 206–214. New York: Liss

Wood BA (1991) Koobi Fora Research Project, vol. 4: Hominid Cranial Remains. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Wood BA (1992) Origin and evolution of the genus Homo. Nature 355: 783–790.

Wood BA and Collard M (1999a) The changing face of genus Homo. Evolutionary Anthropology 8(6): 195–207.

Wood BA and Collard M (1999b) The human genus. Science 284: 65–71.

Further Reading

Johanson DC, Masao FT, Eck GG et al. (1987) New partial skeleton of Homo habilis from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Nature 327: 205–209.

Leakey LSB, Tobias PV and Napier JR (1964) A new species of the genus Homo from Olduvai Gorge. Nature 202: 7–9.

Marzke MW and Shackley MS (1986) Hominid hand use in the Pliocene and Pleistocene: evidence from experimental archaeology and comparative morphology. Journal of Human Evolution 15: 439–460.

Rightmire GP (1993) Variation among early Homo crania from Olduvai Gorge and the Koobi Fora region. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 90: 1–33.

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How to Cite close
Wood, Bernard A(Apr 2001) Homo habilis. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003316]