Scopes Trial and Fundamentalism in the United States


In the 1925 Scopes Trial, evolution served as a proxy for much wider disputes in America between traditionalist and modernist world views. These disputes continued long afterwards, and evolution remains a focal point for deep cultural differences in American life.

Keywords: evolution; creationism; Darwinism; Clarence Darrow; William Jennings Bryan; modernism; traditionalism


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Futuyma D (1995) Science on Trial: the Case for Evolution. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.

Kellogg V (1917) Headquarters Nights: a record of the conversation and experiences of the German army in France and Belgium. Boston: Atlantic Monthly.

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Nelkin D (1982) The Creation Controversy: Science or Scripture in the Schools. New York: WW Norton.

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Rhea County Historical Society (1978) The World's Most Famous Court: Tennessee Evolution Case. Dayton, TN: Rhea County Historical Society.

Scopes JT (1967) Center of the Storm: Memoirs of John T. Scopes. New York: Holt Rinehart & Winston.

Tompkins JR (1965) D‐days at Dayton; Reflections on the Scopes Trial. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press.

Further Reading

De Camp LS (1968) The Great Monkey Trial. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Larson EJ (1997) Summer for the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America's Continuing Debate Over Science and Religion. New York: Basic Books.

Toumey C (1994) God's Own Scientists: Creationists in a Secular World. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

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Cain, Joe(Apr 2001) Scopes Trial and Fundamentalism in the United States. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003358]