Tuberculosis in African Wildlife and Other Infectious Diseases of African Lions

Abstract

Infectious animal tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium bovis, is a serious disease spread among numerous wildlife species in southern Africa where it has established itself as a significant problem in lions and other species conserved in the wildlife parks and game reserves of the region. There are also several infectious viral diseases of African lions, including canine distemper and feline immunodeficiency.

Keywords: African wildlife; lions; tuberculosis; mycobacterium; canine distemper virus; feline immunodeficiency virus

References

Bengis RG, Kriek NPJ, Keet DF et al. (1996) An outbreak of bovine tuberculosis in a free‐living African buffalo (Syncerus caffer– Sparrman) population in the Kruger National Park: a preliminary report. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 63: 15–18.

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Further Reading

Carpenter MA, Appel M, Roelke‐Parker ME et al. (1998) Genetic characterization of canine distemper virus in Serengeti carnivores. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 65: 259–266.

Cleaveland S, Appel MGJ, Chalmers WSK et al. (2000) Serological and demographic evidence for domestic dogs as a source of canine distemper virus infection for Serengeti wildlife. Veterinary Microbiology 72: 217–227.

Huchzermeyer HFKA, Bruckner GK, Van Heerden A et al. (1994) Tuberculosis. In: Coetzer JAW, Thompson GR and Tustin RC (eds) Infectious Diseases of Livestock, pp. 1425–1444. Capetown, South Africa: Oxford University Press.

Keet D, Kriek NPJ, Huchzermeyer H and Bengis RG (1994) Advanced tuberculosis in an African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer Sparrman). Journal of the South African Veterinary Association 65: 79–83.

Osofsky SA, Hirsch KJ, Zuckerman EE and Hardy WD Jr (1996) Feline lentivirus and feline oncovirus status of free‐ranging lions (Panthera leo), leopards (Panthera pardus), and cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) in Botswana: a regional perspective. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 27: 453–467.

Packer C, Altizer S, Appel M et al. (1999) Viruses of the Serengeti: patterns of infection and mortality in African lions. Journal of Animal Ecology 68: 1161–1178.

Poli A, Abramo F, Cavicchio P et al. (1995) Lentivirus infection in an African lion: a clinical, pathologic and virologic study. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 31: 70–74.

Roelke‐Parker ME, Munson L, Packer C et al. (1996) A canine distemper virus epidemic in Serengeti lions (Panthera leo). Nature (London) 379: 441–445.

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How to Cite close
Atlas, Ronald M, Michel, Anita L, and Nel, Louis(Jan 2003) Tuberculosis in African Wildlife and Other Infectious Diseases of African Lions. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003371]