The Pasteur Institute and Its International Network

Abstract

The Pasteur Institute is a French institution pursuing unabated research in biomedical sciences since its creation in 1888. The institute has undergone in‐depth transformation while maintaining a triple orientation to research, teaching and applied sciences. The present International Pasteur Institutes network is composed of 32 centres scattered on the five continents, a powerful asset for its new function of surveillance of a global microbial world and contribution to Global Public Health. The Pastorian specificity is anchored in this long history and the esprit de corps of an international scientific community, sealed by an in biomedical research that can conflict with the managerial transformations of the contemporary institution.

Key Concepts

  • The Pasteur Institute is a French centre of research in biomedical sciences.
  • Its specificity lies in its strong link to its founder Louis Pasteur's doctrines and character.
  • The International Pasteur Institute Network has developed branches all over the world.
  • The present challenge for the network is to concile ethics of research and economic concerns.

Keywords: Pasteur institute; international Pasteur institutes network; Global health; Pasteurian values; ethics in biomedical research

Figure 1. The first building of the Pasteur Institute in 1888. Postcard ca 1890, Coll. AM Moulin.
Figure 2. The Pasteur Institute at Tunis. Postcard ca 1910, Coll AM Moulin.
Figure 3. The Pasteur Institute of Iran. Private collection, AMMoulin.
close

References

Bonah C (2003) Le drame de Lübeck: la vaccination BCG, le ‘procès Calmette’ et les Richtlinien de 1931. In: Bonah C, Lepicard E and Roelcke V (eds) La Médecine expérimentale au tribunal: Implications éthiques de quelques procès médicaux du XXe siècle européen, pp. 65–94. Paris: Editions des Archives Contemporaines.

Callon M (ed) (1988) La science et ses réseaux. Genèse et circulation des faits scientifiques. Paris: La Découverte.

Dagognet F (1994) Pasteur sans la légende. Paris: Les Empêcheurs de tourner en rond.

Debré P (1996) Jacques Monod. Paris: Flammarion.

Dedet J‐P (2001) Les instituts Pasteur d'outre‐mer. Paris: L'Harmattan.

Geison G (1995) The Private Science of Louis Pasteur. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Guenel A (1999) The creation of the first overseas Pasteur Institute or the beginning of Albert Calmette's career. Medical History 43: 1–25.

Latour B (1988) The Pasteurization of France. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Moulin AM (1992) The network of the Overseas Pasteur Institutes. In: Petitjean JC and Moulin AM (eds) Sciences and Empires, pp. 307–322. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Moulin AM (1995) The Pasteur Institutes between the Two World Wars. The Transformation of the International Sanitary Order. In: Weindling P (ed) International Health Organisations and Movements (1918–1939), pp. 244–265. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Moulin AM (2000) Louis Pasteur. In: Hessenbruch A (ed) Reader's Guide to the History of Science, pp. 456–457. London: Fitzroy Dearborn.

Moulin AM (2005a) The Pasteur institute's international network: Scientific Innovations and French tropisms. In: Charles C and Schriewer J (eds) Transnational intellectual networks, Forms of Academic Knowledge and the Search for Cultural Identities, pp. 135–162. New York: Campus Verlag.

Moulin AM (2005b) History of Immunology with an emphasis on infectious diseases: a retrospective. In: Kaufmann HE and Steward MW (eds) Topley and Wilson's Immunology, pp. 5–18. London: Arnold.

Moulin AM (2014) L'institut Pasteur au pluriel. Histoire récente du réseau (2003–2013). Médecine/Sciences 30: 99–102.

Pelis K (2008) Charles Nicolle, Pasteur's Imperial Missionary, Typhus and Tunisia. Rochester: Rochester University Press.

Perrey C (2005) Figures du sacré à l'institut Pasteur. L'Homme 175: 345–368.

Tauber AI and Chernyak L (1991) Metchnikoff and the Origins of Immunology, From Metaphor to Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.

Weindling P (1992) From medical research to clinical practice: serum therapy for diphtheria in the 1890s. In: Pickstone J (ed) Medical Innovations in Historical Perspective, pp. 72–83. New York: St Martin's Press.

Further Reading

Barré‐Sinoussi F (2012) Pour un monde sans Sida. Un combat partagé. Paris: Albin Michel.

Morange M (1991) L'institut Pasteur, contribution à son histoire. Paris: La Découverte.

Morange M (ed) (1998) A History of Molecular Biology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Moulin AM (ed) (1995) L'aventure de la vaccination. Paris: Fayard.

Moulin AM (1996) Tropical without tropics. The turning point of Pastorian medicine in North Africa. In: Arnold D (ed) Warm Climates and Western Medicine: The Emergence of Tropical Médicine, pp. 160–180. Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Schwartz M and Perrot A (2013) Pasteur et ses lieutenants, Roux, Yersin et les autres. Paris: Odile Jacob.

Silverstein AM (1989) A History of Immunology. New York: Academic Press.

Summers WC (1999b) Felix d'Herelle and the Origins of Molecular Biology. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Site to consult www.pasteur.fr

Contact Editor close
Submit a note to the editor about this article by filling in the form below.

* Required Field

How to Cite close
Moulin, Anne Marie(Sep 2015) The Pasteur Institute and Its International Network. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0003411.pub2]