Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Abstract

The Biological Laboratory was established at Cold Spring Harbor, New York, USA, in 1890 as a summer school for teachers of biology. It began a transition to becoming a research institute in 1898, and in 1904, the Carnegie Institution of Washington created the Station for Experimental Evolution. A third institute, the Eugenics Records Office (ERO), was established in 1910. The ERO was closed in 1940 and the two remaining institutes amalgamated to create the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory of Quantitative Biology in 1963. Genetics was and remains the central theme of the Laboratory's research, focusing on cancer, but current areas of research also include quantitative biology, neurobiology and plant genetics. The Laboratory is also the leading centre for meetings and courses in experimental biology; over 8500 scientists attend over 50 meetings and 25 courses held annually. The Laboratory's DNA Learning Center provides education in molecular genetics for high school students, whereas the Watson School of Biological Sciences, founded in 1998, grants the PhD degree.

Key Concepts:

  • Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory is located in Nassau County on Long Island, New York, USA. It is a world‐renowned institute for research on topics of biological and biomedical importance.

  • The laboratory plays a key role in professional education through its meetings, courses and book publishing.

  • The Watson School of Biological Science offers graduate training leading to the PhD degree.

  • The DNA Learning Center provides teaching in molecular genetics for high school students.

Keywords: Watson; cancer; genetics; eugenics; neurobiology; quantitative biology; symposia on quantitative biology; Davenport; Stillman; Watson school of biological sciences

Figure 1.

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory from across the Harbor (2009). The small white building (by the harbor, second from left) is Jones Laboratory built in 1893, while the cluster of laboratories upper right, the Hillside campus, was opened in 2009. © Jan A Witkowski, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.

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References

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Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (2013) http://www.cshl.edu

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Further Reading

Allen GE (2004) Heredity, development, and evolution at the Carnegie Institution of Washington. In: Maienschein J, Glitz, M and Allen GE (eds) The Department of Embryology at the Carnegie Institution of Washington, A History, vol. 2004, 145–171. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (2014). http://www.cshl.edu

Comfort NC (1995) Two genes, no enzyme: a second look at Barbara McClintock and the 1951 Cold Spring Harbor Symposium. Genetics 140: 1161–1166.

Comfort NC (2012) The Science of Human Perfection. How Genes became the Heart of American Medicine. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Inglis J, Sambrook J and Witkowski JA (2003) Inspiring Science: Jim Watson and the Age of DNA. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Kevles D (1985) In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity. New York, NY: Alfred A Knopf.

McElheny VK (2003) Watson and DNA: Making a Scientific Revolution. Cambridge: Mersues Publishing.

Selden S (2005) Transforming better babies into fitter families: archival resources and the history of the American Eugenics movement, 1908–1930. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 149: 199–225.

Watson EL (1991) Houses for Science: A Pictorial History of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Watson EL (2008) Grounds for Knowledge: A Guide to Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory's Landscapes and Buildings. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Witkowski JA (1999) Illuminating Life: Selected Papers from Cold Spring Harbor 1903–1969. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Witkowski JA, Gann A and Sambrook J (2008) Life Illuminated: Selected Papers from Cold Spring Harbor, 1972–1993. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Witkowski JA and Inglis J (2008) Davenport's Dream: 21st Reflections on Heredity and Eugenics. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

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How to Cite close
Witkowski, Jan A(Jul 2014) Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0003412.pub3]