Biotechnology Intellectual Property – Bioethical Issues


Biotechnology intellectual property consists of patents and trade secrets held on organisms, genes and products derived from them. Intellectual property law has been applied to biotechnological innovations and there are ethical concerns raised by its protection of biotechnological inventions.

Keywords: patent; intellectual property; ethics; biotechnology

Further Reading

Crespi RS (1988) Patents: A Basic Guide to Patenting in Biotechnology. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Magnus D (ed.) (2001) Who Owns Life? Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Plant DW, Reimers NJ and Zinder ND (eds) (1982) Banbury Report 10: Patenting of Life Forms. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Rifkin J (1998) The Biotech Century: Harnessing the Gene and Remaking the World. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam.

Shiva V (1996) Biopiracy: The Plunder of Nature and Knowledge. Boston, MA: South End Press.

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How to Cite close
Wilson, Jack(Apr 2001) Biotechnology Intellectual Property – Bioethical Issues. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003474]