Bioethics in Embryonic Research


Embryonic research has raised questions throughout the history of its practice, particularly given the recent developments in fetal and stem cell research.

Keywords: bioethics; cloning; embryo research; stem cells; ethics

Further Reading

Bush President GW August (2001) Address to the nation on stem cell research, Vanderbilt Television News Archives.

Chapman AR Frankel MS and Garfinkel MS (1999). Stem Cell Research and Applications: Monitoring the Frontiers of Biomedical Research. AAAS/ICS Report.

Cole RJ, Edwards RG and Paul J (1966) Cytodifferentiation and embryogenesis in cell colonies and tissue cultures derived from ova and blastocysts of the rabbit. Developmental Biology 13(3): 385–407.

Edwards RG and Steptoe PC (1974) Control of human ovulation, fertilization and implantation. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 67(9): 932–936.

Edwards RG (1985) Ethical and moral issues of in vitro fertilization. Introduction: the scientific basis of ethics. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 442: 564–570.

Edwards RG (1996) Human conception in vitro 1995, a summing up. Human Reproduction 11(suppl. 1): 199–211.

Farley M (2001) Roman Catholic views on research involving human embryonic stem cells. In: Holland S, Lebacqz K and Zoloth L (eds) The Human embryonic stem Cell Debate, pp. 113–119. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.

Friend T (2001) Half of stem cell money could go to royalties. USA Today, August 13.

Gearhart J (1998) New potential for human embryonic stem cells. Science 282: 1061–1062.

Hollands P (1987) Differentiation and grafting of haemopoietic stem cells from early postimplantation mouse embryos. Development suppl. 99(1): 69–76.

Hollands P (1991) Embryonic stem cell grafting: the therapy of the future?. Human Reproduction 6(1): 79–84.

McDonald JW, Liu XZ, Qu Y et al. (1999) Transplanted embryonic stem cells survive, differentiate, and promote recovery in injured rat spinal cord. Nature Medicine 5: 1410–1412.

National Bioethics Advisory Commission (1999) Ethical issues in human stem cell research.

Okarma TB (2001) Human embryonic stem cells: a primer on the technology and its medical applications. In: Holland S, Lebacqz K and Zoloth L (eds) The Human embryonic stem Cell Debate, pp. 3–14. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.

Steptoe PC and Edwards RG (1978) Birth after reimplantation of a human embryo. Lancet (letter) 2(8085): 366.

Thomson JA, Iskovitz‐Eldor J, Shapiro SS et al. (1998) Embryonic stem cell lines derived from human blastocysts. Science 282: 1145–1147.

Wolpe PR and McGee G (2001) “Expert Bioethics” as professional discourse: the case of stem cells. In: Holland S, Lebacqz K and Zoloth L (eds) The Human embryonic stem Cell Debate. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

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McGee, Glenn, Philpott, Sean, Kuhn, Vanessa, Robertson‐Kraft, Claire, and Patrizio, Pasquale(Jan 2006) Bioethics in Embryonic Research. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003486]