Franklin, Rosalind Elsie


1920–1958 English physical chemist and X‐ray crystallographer who played a key role in the discovery of the three‐dimensional structure of DNA.

Keywords: DNA; MRC; double helix; X‐ray crystallography

Figure 1.

X‐ray diffraction patterns of the A and B forms of the sodium salt of DNA, reproduced from Franklin RE and Gosling RG (1953) The structure of sodium thymonucleate fibres: I. The influence of water content. Acta Crystallographica6: 673–679.


Further Reading

Franklin's working notebooks. [Now in the Archives of Churchill College, Cambridge]

Watson JD (1968) The Double Helix. New York: Atheneum.

Klug A (1968) Rosalind Franklin and the discovery of the structure of DNA. Nature 219: 808–813.

Klug A (1974) Rosalind Franklin and the double helix. Nature 248: 787–788.

Sayre A (1978) Rosalind Franklin and DNA. New York: Norton.

Judson HF (2000) The Eighth Day of Creation: The Makers of the Biological Revolution, revised edition. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Glynn J (1996) Rosalind Franklin. In: Shils E and Blacker C (eds) Cambridge Women. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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How to Cite close
Klug, Aaron(Oct 2002) Franklin, Rosalind Elsie. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003559]