Priestley, Joseph


(1733–1804) British natural philosopher and pneumatic chemist,whose interest in gases led to the discovery of oxygen and understanding of its role in combustion and respiration.

Keywords: oxygen; chemistry; lavoisier; respiration; combustion

Further Reading

Priestley J (1774, 1775, 1777) Experiments and Observations of Different Kinds of Air. 3 Volumes. London: Joseph Johnson.

Anderson RGW and Lawrence C (eds) (1986) Science, Medicine and Dissent: Joseph Priestley (1733–1804) London: Wellcome Trust/Science Museum.

Crook RE (1966) A Bibliography of Joseph Priestley, 1733–1804 London: Library Association.

Dictionary of Scientific Biography (1970–1980) Gillispie CC (ed.) New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Gibbs FW (1965) Joseph Priestley. Adventurer in Science and Champion of Truth. London: Thomas Nelson.

Lindsay J (ed.) (1970) Autobiography of Joseph Priestley. Bath: Adams and Dart.

Schofield RE (1966) A Scientific Autobiography of Joseph Priestley, 1733–1804. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Schofield RE (1997) The Enlightenment of Joseph Priestley: A Study of his Life and Work from 1733 to 1773. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.

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How to Cite close
Power, Helen J(May 2005) Priestley, Joseph. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003599]