Skinner, Burrhus Frederic

Abstract

Skinner, Burrhus Frederic (1904–1990), an American behaviourist psychologist, whose invention of the operant conditioning chamber or ‘Skinner box’ stimulated the laboratory investigation of behaviour, especially conditioning with positive reinforcement. He sought to apply his methods to human behaviour modification and it became a significant tool in clinical and educational psychology.

Keywords: operant conditioning; behavourism; psychology; pavlov; lorenz

Further Reading

Bjork DW (1993) B. F. Skinner: A Life. New York: Basic Books.

O'Donohue W and Ferguson KE (eds) (2001) The Psychology of B.F. Skinnern. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Skinner BF (1976) Particulars of My Life. New York: Knopf.

Skinner BF (1979) The Shaping of a Behaviorist. New York: Knopf.

Skinner BF (1984) A Matter of Consequences. New York: Knopf.

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How to Cite close
Power, Helen J(Apr 2008) Skinner, Burrhus Frederic. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0003601]