c315–240BC Greek practitioner of systematic human dissection who used experiments to verify his physiological hypotheses.

Keywords: dissection; vivisection; experimentation; teleology; mechanism; physiology; anatomy

Further Reading

Hankinson RJ (1998) Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Harris CRS (1973) The Heart and the Vascular System in Ancient Greek Medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lloyd GER (1973) Greek Science after Aristotle. London: Chatto & Windus.

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von Staden, Heinrich(Jun 2001) Erasistratus. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003611]