The History of Anaesthesia
Donald Caton, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
Published online: September 2005
Modern surgical anaesthesia began in 1846 with the first successful public administration of ether. The maturation of this
branch of medicine developed during the next century and a half as principles of physiology and pharmacology increasingly
became part of clinical practice and as practitioners formed societies to promote research and develop standards for education
Keywords: anaesthesia; history; chloroform; ether; nitrous oxide
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